James Joyce’ fiction is characterized
by experiments with language, symbolism, and use of the narrative techniques of interior monologue and stream of consciousness.
The modern symbolic novel owes a great amount of its complexity to James Joyce. His wide understanding of Philosophy, theology,
and foreign languages enabled him to stretch the English language to its. His writing marked a breakthrough in the limitations
previously placed by social convention upon the subject matter and language of the modern English novel. Joyce was educated
to excelled in philosophy and languages he even mastered Norwegian in order to read Henrik Ibsen's plays in the original form.
Although he is mostly known for his fiction,
Joyce's first published work was Chamber Music, a lyric poem. Much of his fiction is lyrical and autobiographical in
nature and shows the influence of his musical studies, his discipline as a poet, and his Jesuit training. Although he distanced
himself from his country, his family, and his Church, these three are the basis upon which he structured his art. James Joyce’s
characters are created with naturalistic detail, which at first aroused the anger of many readers. Among various devices such
as symbolism, motifs, and mythic journeys, Joyce also contributed with a literary invention, the epiphany, which is a religious
term; he used to describe the symbolic dimension of common things, moments of sudden spiritual manifestation when the character
realized a truth within.
Thus through a stream-of-consciousness technique, Joyce permits the reader to enter the
consciousness of his writing. James Joyce causes his characters to undergo dazzling series of changes through working metamorphic
tradition in his writing. The difficulties in his writing arising from the complicated symbolism and linguistic structure
of verbal puns and double meanings which become more complex with Joyce's introduction of unfamiliar foreign words which may
have two, three, or more meanings in the various languages. Joyce's technical innovations, his experiments with form, and
his unusually frank subject matter and language made every single of his works an important milestone in the development of
the modern novel.